What is trauma?
Trauma can involve psychological or physical experiences, or a combination of both. It refers to an
event in which a person witnessed, experienced, or was confronted with a profound situation that
involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or
others; and in which a person's response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror.
There are several types of physical and/or psychological trauma, most of which fall into one of three
1. The traumatic experience is a single, intense event such a: a serious automobile accident, a
serious threat to one's life or the life of a loved one, or a natural disasters such as hurricanes,
2. The traumatic experience is repetitive and ongoing events such as: sexual or physical abuse of
the self; witnessing violence and/or sexual or physical abuse of others, profound physical or
psychological neglect; military combat, or prolonged illness and extensive medical procedures.
3. The third category is the combination of those events listed above and may occur simultaneously
or separated by long periods of time.
Because the intense stress of traumatic events demands coping strategies which usually exceed
the individual's abilities, extreme but protective psychological mechanisms are developed. These
include addiction, depression, anxiety, and dissociation. These coping strategies can interfere
dramatically with normal functioning long after the trauma has passed.
How we can help
We can help you understand how different types of trauma are manifesting themselves in unhealthy
ways in your life. We will then work with you to develop an individualized treatment plan to aid you in
We offer a 15-week Men's Trauma Recovery Group starting in March and October.
We recommend the group Tapestries for women recovering from sexual abuse.
To schedule a consultation please contact us.
Life Learning Center
Copyright © 2007
Felix Paulick and